An abscess is a collection of pus which can occur in almost any part of the body, treated with antibiotics and drainage.
Briefly losing awareness of surroundings, possibly several times a day. Absences mainly affect children but can occur in adults.
A non-cancerous tumour.
A behaviour disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
(ALD) X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a disorder that occurs most often in males. It mainly affects the nervous system and the adrenal glands, which are small glands located on top of each kidney. People with this disorder often have progressive destruction of the fatty covering (myelin) that insulates nerves in the brain and spinal cord. They may also have a shortage of certain hormones caused by damage to the outer layer of the adrenal glands (adrenal cortex). This hormonal deficiency is known as adrenocortical insufficiency.
An inherited condition that causes urine to turn black when exposed to air. Ochronosis, a build-up of dark pigment in connective tissues such as cartilage and skin, is also characteristic of the disorder. People with alkaptonuria typically develop arthritis in adulthood, particularly in the spine and large joints.
Complementary medicines and treatments include a wide range of treatments that are not usually used by most doctors in the UK. These treatments are sometimes described as alternative medicine.
Abbreviated form of the term amniocentesis. A procedure whereby a needle is introduced through the abdominal wall and into the pregnant uterus to obtain amniotic fluid. The procedure is most commonly used to obtain fetal cells to examine the fetal chromosomes or occasionally fetal DNA. The procedure is usually carried out at 16 weeks gestation
A procedure whereby a needle is introduced through the abdominal wall and into the pregnant uterus to obtain amniotic fluid. The procedure is most commonly used to obtain fetal cells to examine the fetal chromosomes or occasionally fetal DNA. The procedure is usually carried out at 16 weeks gestation.
Occasionally pregnancies are complicated by excess amniotic fluid or polyhydramnios. This can be diagnosed by ultrasound. In most cases the excess fluid does not harm the baby, but as the uterus (womb) is often much larger than it would otherwise be, the woman may be at increased risk of premature labour, which depending on the gestation carries risks to the baby when it is born. In certain circumstances to try and reduce this risk amnioreduction or removal of amniotic fluid can be performed.
The ampullary is a small muscle located at the junction where the bile duct (carrying bile from the liver and secretions from the pancreas) empties into the duodenum (upper small intestine).