The BCG vaccine (named after the two doctors who developed it - Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), is the vaccination against tuberculosis.
A large group of medications that act to block specific receptors in the nervous system. The effect of beta-blockade results in slowing of the heart rate, reduction in blood pressure and reduced anxiety.
BME – abbreviation: Black and Minority Ethnic
|Bone density scan||
A bone density scan, called a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, measures the density of bones and compares this to a normal range.
|Bone marrow transplant|
BRCA2 is a gene that increases the risk of getting breast and ovarian cancer in women and breast and prostate cancer in men. Out of every 100 women who have a faulty version of this gene, between 80 and 85 will develop breast cancer at some point in their life (80 to 85% lifetime risk). Ovarian cancer lifetime risk is about 27%. Male carriers have an increased risk of breast cancer and prostate cancer.
Definition from Cancer Research UK: BRCA2
Bronchiectasis is a condition that affects the lungs. It causes a persistent cough and an excess amount of sputum (phlegm).
Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), which causes them to become inflamed.