Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
ICD (implantable cardiac/cardioverter defibrillator)

An ICD is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. It is a device which is able to give the heart electrical shocks. An ICD looks similar to a pacemaker and is a little bigger than a match box. It is usually implanted under the collar bone.


An opening into the ileum, part of the small intestine, from the outside of the body. An ileostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after part of the intestine has been removed.


The number of new occurrences of a condition or disease in the general or a specified population over a given period of time.


Passed on from parent to child through genes. For example, sickle cell carrier status passed from mother to child is inherited, but HIV infection passed from mother to child is not.


Normally, the amount of sugar in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach). When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves any glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it is broken down to produce energy.

intravenous (IV)

Within or administered into a vein


Iritis (uveitis) – inflammation (swelling) of the iris (the coloured part of the eye that controls the amount of light that enters); it can be caused by a trauma to the eye (traumatic iritis), or by another condition (non-traumatic iritis).


A method of assisted reproduction in which eggs are surgically removed from a woman's ovaries and mixed with the man's sperm in a laboratory dish. If fertilised, the resulting embryo is then transferred into a women’s uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

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