Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
Nail Patella syndrome

Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) involves changes in the nails, knees, and elbows, and the presence of iliac horns (in the pelvis). Other body systems including the kidneys and eyes may be affected. NPS is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.

Nasogastric (NG) tube

Nasogastric tube, a tube that is passed down your nose and into your stomach.

NCG 1

Competence in Genetics core statement 1

  • Nurses -
    Identify clients who might benefit from genetic services and/or information through a comprehensive nursing assessment.
  • Midwives -
    Identify clients who might benefit from genetic services and information through an understanding of the importance of family history in assessing predisposition to disease
NCG 2

Competence in Genetics core statement 2:

  • Nurses
    Demonstrate the importance of sensitivity in tailoring genetic information and services to clients’ culture, knowledge, language ability and developmental stage.

  • Midwives
    Appreciate the importance of sensitivity in tailoring genetics information and services to clients’ culture, knowledge and language level.
NCG 3

Competence in Genetics core statement 3:

  • Nurses:
    Advocate for the rights of all clients to informed decision making and voluntary action.

  • Midwives:
    Uphold the rights of all clients to informed decision making and voluntary action.
NCG 4

Competence in Genetics core statement 4:

Nurses:

Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the role of genetic/genomic and other factors in maintaining health and in the manifestation, modification and prevention of disease expression, to underpin effective practice.

NCG 5

Competence in Genetics core statement 5

  • Nurses
    Apply knowledge and understanding of the utility and limitations of genetic testing and information to underpin care and support for individuals and families prior to, during and following decision-making, that incorporates.

  • Midwives
    Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the utility and limitations of genetic testing and information.
NCG 6

Competence in Genetics core statement 6

  • Nurses:
    Examine one’s own competency of practice on a regular basis

  • Midwives:
    Recognise the limitations of one’s own genetics expertise
NCG 7

Competence in Genetics core statement 7

  • Nurses
    Obtain and communicate credible, current information about genetics, for self, clients and colleagues.

  • Midwives
    Obtain and communicate credible, current information about genetics, for self, clients and colleagues.
NCG 8

Competence in Genetics core statement 8:

Nurses:

Provide ongoing nursing care and support to patients, carers and families with genetic healthcare needs:

Neural tube

During the first month of life, an embryo grows in a primitive tissue structure called the neural tube. As the embryo develops, the neural tube begins to change into a more complicated structure of bones, tissue and nerves that will eventually form the spine and nervous system.

Neurodegenerative

A disease in which the function or structure of the nervous tissue changes for the worse over time

neurofibromas

Neurofibromas are small non-cancerous tumours that develop on nerves in the skin and, occasionally, deeper inside the body. They show as lumps under the skin, which can vary in size. Some neurofibromas may be soft, while others are firm and round. They can increase in size and number as the child gets older.

Neuroleptic

Neuroleptic or antipsychotic drugs are used to treat psychosis when a calming effect is required.

neurological

Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system.

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